This tropical country, twice the size of France, is comparable in size to Turkey and shares it’s borders with South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi and Tanzania.
The capital and largest city is Maputo previously called Lourenzo Marques before independence. It has about 2500km of coastline on the Indian Ocean and this resulted in the country’s prosperity by allowing trade with India and China for centuries until the Portuguese colonization in the fifteenth century.
Located on the southeast coast of Africa, the Republic of Mozambique is divided into two topographical regions by the Zambezi River. To the north of the Zambezi River, the narrow coastline moves inland to hills and low plateaus, and further west to rugged highlands, which include the Niassa, Namuli or Shire highlands, Angonia and Tete highlands and the Makonde plateau which is covered with miombo woodlands. To the south of the Zambezi River, the lowlands are broader with the Mashonaland plateau and Lebombo Mountains located in the deep south.
Niassa Reserve, one of the largest protected areas in the country. This stunning and remote area has more than 350 African wild dogs, 12,000 sable antelopes, and 16,000 elephants. This country is also home to the black rhinoceros, cheetah, wild dog, african elephant and lion.
Mozambique has a great diversity of ecosystems including a profusion of plants many of which are endemic. Two areas are particularly notable for their rich flora, Maputaland, South of Maputo and the Chimanimani mountan range.
There are six national parks and the famous Marine Park of the Archipelago of Bazaruto attracts the most visitors. The islands were formed from sand deposited by the Save River providing stunning beaches and opportunities for surfing and fishing.
There is a wide abundance of reef and game fish, giant turtles, and devil rays are regularly seen. The Dugong belonging to the Sirenia species (commonly referred to as sea cows) are fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit swamps, rivers, estuaries, marine wetlands, and coastal marine waters. Sirenians are also referred to by the common name sirens, deriving from the sirens of Greek mythology. This comes from a legend about their discovery involving lonely sailors mistaking them for mermaids.
All live free in this conservation paradise, proclaimed a National Park in 1971and recognised as a Gift to the Earth by the WWF.
There are an outstanding examples of an architecture in which local traditions, Portuguese influences, and to a somewhat lesser extent Indian and Arab influences, are all interwoven.
The fortified city of Mozambique is located on the Island of Mozambique. This small island, 3 km and at most 500 metres wide, with remarkable architectural and historical buildings is a UNESCO World Heritage site and one of Mozambique’s fastest growing tourist destinations.
A 3km bridge was erected in the 1960s to connect it to the mainland.
Explore the bustling Portuguese colonial cities of Maputo and Beira, the coral island of Ilha de Mozambique and experience the natural wonders of Mozambique, the cultural treasures, cuisine, art and music.